Wednesday, January 15, 2014

Certified Science-January 2014


Here is a summary of some recent articles in the ESA journals that relate to structural pest management and urban arthropod pests. The abstracts are freely available online for all articles, though access to the full text will generally require member in the ESA, in addition to your certification.

EDUCATION CONNECTION: Optimizing Pest Management Curricula for Adoption in K-12 Classrooms
Authors: Mason, Makena; Aihara-Sasaki, Maria; Grace, J. Kenneth
SourceAmerican Entomologist, Volume 59, #4 (AE is free online to all ACEs)

Using DNA Barcodes to Confirm the Presence of a New Invasive Cockroach Pest in New York City
Abstract: Recently, specimens of a Periplaneta sp. were discovered in New York, NY, that did not match the typical morphology of Periplaneta americana L., the ubiquitous American cockroach. Here, we used DNA barcoding and morphological identification to confirm that this newly invasive pest species was indeed Periplaneta japonica Karny, 1908. We discuss this recent invasion… (Full abstract here)
Authors: Evangelista, Dominic; Buss, Lyle; Ware, Jessica L.
SourceJournal of Economic Entomology, Volume 106, #6

Hygienic Behavior in Honey Bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae): Effects of Brood, Food, and Time of the Year
Abstract: Hygienic behavior in honey bees is a heritable trait of individual workers that confers colony-level resistance against various brood diseases. Hygienic workers detect and remove dead or diseased brood from sealed cells. However, this behavior is quite rare, with only c.10% of unselected colonies showing high levels of hygiene. Beekeepers can potentially increase this by screening colonies for … (Full abstract here)
Authors: Bigio, Gianluigi; Schürch, Roger; Ratnieks, Francis L. W.
SourceJournal of Economic Entomology, Volume 106, #6

Life History and Biology of the Invasive Turkestan Cockroach (Dictyoptera: Blattidae)
Abstract: The Turkestan cockroach, Blatta lateralis (Walker), has become an important invasive species throughout the southwestern United States and has been reported in the southern United States. It is rapidly replacing the oriental cockroach, Blatta orientalis (L.), in urban areas of the southwestern United States as the most important peri-domestic species. They typically inhabit in-ground containers such as water meter, irrigation, … (Full abstract here)
Authors: Kim, Tina; Rust, Michael K.
SourceJournal of Economic Entomology, Volume 106, #6

Cold Tolerance of Bed Bugs and Practical Recommendations for Control
Abstract: Bed bugs were exposed to freezing temperatures for various exposure times to determine cold tolerance and mortality estimates for multiple life stages. The mean supercooling point for all bed bug life stages ranged from −21.3°C to −30.3°C, with the egg stage reporting the lowest value. A probit analysis provided a lower lethal temperature (LLT99) of −31.2°C when estimates from all life stages were combined, demonstrating that … (Full abstract here)
Authors: Olson, Joelle F.; Eaton, Marc; Kells, Stephen A.; Morin, Victor; Wang, Changlu
SourceJournal of Economic Entomology, Volume 106, #6

Estimating Population Size of Large Laboratory Colonies of the Formosan Subterranean Termite Using the Capture Probability Equilibrium
Abstract: The reliability of the capture probability equilibrium model developed by Su and Lee (2008) for population estimate was tested in three-directional extended foraging arenas connecting to large Plexiglas cubes (96 by 96 by 96 cm) containing ≈100,000-400,000 workers of the Formosan subterranean termite, Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki… (Full abstract here)
Authors: Su, Nan-Yao
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 106, #6

Residual Efficacy of Insecticides Applied to Exterior Building Material Surfaces for Control of Nuisance Infestations of Megacopta cribraria (Hemiptera: Plataspidae)
Abstract: The plataspid Megacopta cribraria (F.), which was recently introduced to the United States, forms nuisance aggregations on the exteriors of homes when it seeks overwintering sites in the fall. Little to no published information is available on the efficacy of insecticides labeled for professional use and exterior applications on homes and other structures against this insect. In a series of three experiments, we evaluated the … (Full abstract here)
Authors: Seiter, Nicholas J.; Benson, Eric P.; Reay-Jones, Francis P. F.; Greene, Jeremy K.; Zungoli, Patricia A.
SourceJournal of Economic Entomology, Volume 106, #6

The Value of Urban Vacant Land to Support Arthropod Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services
Abstract: The expansion of urban areas is occurring globally, but not all city neighborhoods are gaining population. Because of economic decline and the recent foreclosure crisis, many U.S. cities are demolishing abandoned residential structures to create parcels of vacant land. In some cities, weak housing markets have, or will likely, recover in the near term, and these parcels will be redeveloped. However, in other cities ... (Full abstract here)
Authors: Gardiner, Mary M.; Burkman, Caitlin E.; Prajzner, Scott P.
SourceEnvironmental Entomology, Volume 42, #6

Temperature and Population Density Effects on Locomotor Activity of Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae)
Abstract: The behavior of ectotherm organisms is affected by both abiotic and biotic factors. However, a limited number of studies have investigated the synergistic effects on behavioral traits. This study examined the effect of temperature and density on locomotor activity of Musca domestica (L.). Locomotor activity was measured for both sexes and at four densities (with mixed sexes) during a full light and dark (L:D) cycle at temperatures … (Full abstract here)
Authors: Schou, T. M.; Faurby, S.; Kjærsgaard, A.; Pertoldi, C.; Loeschcke, V.; Hald, B.; Bahrndorff, S.
SourceEnvironmental Entomology, Volume 42, #6

Distribution of the Brown Recluse Spider (Araneae: Sicariidae) in Illinois and Iowa
Abstract: The medical importance of the brown recluse spider, Loxosceles reclusa Gertsch and Mulaik, is well known, but there is a need for more accurate information about the distribution of the spider in North America. We gathered information via an Internet offer to identify spiders in Illinois and Iowa that were thought to be brown recluses. We also mined brown recluse locality information from other agencies that kept such …(Full abstract here)
Authors: Cramer, Kenneth L.; Vetter, Richard S.
SourceJournal of Medical Entomology, Volume 51, #1

The Effect of Temperature on Life History Traits of Culex Mosquitoes
Abstract: Climatic changes forecasted in the coming years are likely to result in substantial alterations to the distributions and populations of vectors of arthropod-borne pathogens. Characterization of the effect of temperature shifts on the life history traits of specific vectors is needed to more accurately define how such changes could impact the epidemiological patterns of vector-borne disease. Here, we determined the effect of temperatures …(Full abstract here)
Authors: Ciota, Alexander T.; Matacchiero, Amy C.; Kilpatrick, A. Marm; Kramer, Laura D.
SourceJournal of Medical Entomology, Volume 51, #1

Significance and Survival of Enterococci During the House Fly Development
Abstract: House flies are among the most important nonbiting insect pests of medical and veterinary importance. Larvae develop in decaying organic substrates and their survival strictly depends on an active microbial community. House flies have been implicated in the ecology and transmission of enterococci, including multi-antibiotic-resistant and virulent strains of Enterococcus faecalis. In this study …(Full abstract here)
Authors: Ghosh, Anuradha; Akhtar, Mastura; Holderman, Chris; Zurek, Ludek
SourceJournal of Medical Entomology, Volume 51, #1

 Group Living Accelerates Bed Bug (Hemiptera: Cimicidae) Development
Abstract: For many insect species, group living provides physiological and behavioral benefits, including faster development. Bed bugs (Cimex lectularius L.) live in aggregations composed of eggs, nymphs, and adults of various ages. Our aim was to determine whether bed bug nymphs reared in groups develop faster than solitary nymphs. We reared first instars either in isolation or in groups from hatching to adult emergence and recorded their … (Full abstract here)
Authors: Saenz, Virna L.; Santangelo, Richard G.; Vargo, Edward L.; Schal, Coby
SourceJournal of Medical Entomology, Volume 51, #1

In addition to the scientific research, ESA also hosts the Entomology Today blog. Some recent posts of interest include:

If there are articles that you would like to see included in future editions of Certified Science, please email Thank you for keeping your certification current.