A Periodic ESA E-mail Service to ACEs and Urban-Industrial BCEs
The Entomological Society of America is the #1 source of scientific information for the entomologically-focused urban professional. This email is a service of the ESA for all ACEs and any BCEs who hold a specialty in urban and industrial entomology.
Here is a summary of some recent articles in the ESA journals that relate to structural pest management and urban arthropod pests. The abstracts are freely available online for all articles, though access to the full text will generally require member in the ESA, in addition to your certification.
Crop-Emptying Rate and the Design of Pesticide Risk Assessment Schemes in the Honey Bee and Wild Bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae)
Authors: Fournier, Alice; Rollin, Orianne; Le Féon, Violette; Decourtye, Axel; Henry, Mickaël
Abstract: Recent scientific literature and reports from official sanitary agencies have pointed out the deficiency of current pesticide risk assessment processes regarding sublethal effects on pollinators. Sublethal effects include troubles in learning performance, orientation skills, or mobility, with possible contribution to substantial dysfunction at population scale. However, the study of sublethal effects is currently limited by considerable knowledge gaps ... (Click here for full abstract)
Pheromone-Assisted Techniques to Improve the Efficacy of Insecticide Sprays Against Linepithema humile (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)
Authors: Choe, Dong-Hwan; Tsai, Kasumi; Lopez, Carlos M.; Campbell, Kathleen
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 107, Number 1, February 2014
Abstract: Outdoor residual sprays are among the most common methods for targeting pestiferous ants in urban pest management programs. If impervious surfaces such as concrete are treated with these insecticides, the active ingredients can be washed from the surface by rain or irrigation. As a result, residual sprays with fipronil and pyrethroids are found in urban waterways and aquatic sediments. Given the amount of insecticides applied to urban settings for ant control ... (Click here for full abstract)
Field and Laboratory Efficacy of Three Insecticides for Population Management of the Asian Cockroach (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae)
Authors: Snoddy, Edward T.; Appel, Arthur G.
Abstract: Toxicity, repellency, and performance of three insecticides, ?-cyfluthrin EC, fipronil granules, and an essential oil EC formulation, were evaluated against the Asian cockroach, Blattella asahinai Mizukubo, in field and laboratory experiments. The ?-cyfluthrin EC and fipronil granules were significantly more toxic than the essential oil EC formulation under continuous exposure conditions, with LT50 values of 0.014, 0.45, and 11.45 d, respectively. The ?-cyfluthrin EC and fipronil granules were also significantly more toxic (Click here for full abstract)
Spatial Pattern in Aerosol Insecticide Deposition Inside a Flour Mill
Authors: Campbell, James F.; Arthur, Frank H.; Zhu, Kun Yan
Abstract: Aerosol insecticides are commonly used for management of stored-product pests inside food facilities, but the physical complexity of the interior of most food facilities may influence the dispersal and deposition of droplets and create spatial variation in dosage. The spatial pattern in aerosol deposition was evaluated inside a flour mill using a high density grid of bioassay insects. Three insecticides, Aerotech with NyGuard and Pyrocide 100 + Diacon II ... (Click here for full abstract)
An Inexpensive Feeding Bioassay Technique for Stored-Product Insects
Authors: Clark, Erin L.; Isitt, Rylee; Plettner, Erika; Fields, Paul G.; Huber, Dezene P.W.
Abstract: We used the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum Herbst (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae), to compare three feeding bioassay techniques using flour disks. The area (scanner or digital photographs) and mass (sensitive balance) of the same flour disks were measured daily for 1 or 2 wk to assess feeding by insects. The loss in mass and area over 4 h was measured, as some variation over time was noticed in the disks with no insects feeding on them. ... (Click here for full abstract)
Evaluation of Synergized Pyrethrin Aerosol for Control of Tribolium castaneum and Tribolium confusum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae)
Authors: Kharel, Kabita; Arthur, Frank H.; Zhu, Kun Yan; Campbell, James F.; Subramanyam, Bhadriraju
Abstract: Aerosol insecticides are being used in flour mill pest management programs, but there is limited information on their efficacy on different insect life stages. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of synergized pyrethrin applied as an aerosol against eggs, larvae, pupae, and adults of the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum (Herbst), and the confused flour beetle, Tribolium confusum Jacquelin du Val. Effects of direct and indirect exposure were evaluated by exposing each life stage to the aerosol and then ... (Click here for full abstract)
Effect of Abiotic Factors on Initiation of Red Flour Beetle (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) Flight
Authors: Perez-Mendoza, Joel; Campbell, James F.; Throne, James E.
Abstract: Traps baited with pheromones are used to monitor the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae), populations in flour mills to aid in making pest management decisions, but the factors that influence T. castaneum movement are not fully understood. We investigated the impact of photoperiod, light intensity, temperature, and relative humidity on flight initiation. The percentage of adults initiating flight reached a maximum at 30-35°C, and then fell to zero at 22.5 and 45°C. Only 2% of beetles flew in complete darkness,... (Click here for full abstract)
Attract-and-Kill and Other Pheromone-Based Methods to Suppress Populations of the Indianmeal Moth (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)
Authors: Campos, Manuel; Phillips, Thomas W.
Abstract: Three attract-and-kill formulations, a gel, a wax panel, and a plastic cylinder were tested in simulated warehouses at three densities of devices and at three densities of moths, Plodia interpunctella Hübner, per room. Wax panels and the cylinder formulations suppressed all the densities of moths with only one device per room. Two field experiments were then conducted during 2005 and 2006 in replicated commercial pet food and grocery ... (Click here for full abstract)
Efficacy of Products to Remove Eggs of Pediculus humanus capitis (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) From the Human Hair
Authors: Lapeere, Hilde; Brochez, Lieve; Verhaeghe, Evelien; Vander Stichele, Robert H.; Remon, Jean-Paul; Lambert, Jo; Leybaert, Luc
Source: Journal of Medical Entomology, Volume 51, Number 2, March 2014
Abstract: Head lice infestations are very common in children aged between 3 and 12 yr old. The eggs of the head louse are difficult to remove and remain firmly attached to the hair even after any head louse treatment. Solid in vitro and in vivo evidence to support the use of any of the proposed products to facilitate nit removal is scarce. The objective of the current study was to determine the efficacy of several products to remove eggshells from human hair ... (Click here for full abstract)
Vacant Lots: Productive Sites for Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) in Mérida City, México
Authors: Baak-Baak, Carlos M.; Arana-Guardia, Roger; Cigarroa-Toledo, Nohemi; Loroño-Pino, María Alba; Reyes-Solis, Guadalupe; Machain-Williams, Carlos; Beaty, Barry J.; Eisen, Lars; García-Rejón, Julián E.
Source: Journal of Medical Entomology, Volume 51, Number 2, March 2014
Abstract: We assessed the potential for vacant lots and other nonresidential settings to serve as source environments for Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti (L.) (Diptera: Culicidae) in Mérida City, México. Mosquito immatures were collected, during November 2011-June 2013, from residential premises (n = 156 site visits) and nonresidential settings represented by vacant lots (50), parking lots (18), and streets or sidewalks (28). Collections totaled 46,025 mosquito immatures of 13 species. Ae. aegypti was the most commonly encountered ... (Click here for full abstract)
In addition to the scientific research, ESA also hosts the Entomology Today blog. Some recent posts of interest include: